Main topic :
WILD BOAR AND ASFV: THE WORSE COMBINATION FOR THE GLOBAL SWINE INDUSTRY
SÁNCHEZ-VIZCAÍNO J. 1
1 Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid , , Spain
The current epidemiological situation of African Swine Fever (ASF), affecting the five continents and more that 60 countries, is the worse situation observed since the first detection and description of ASF in Kenya by Montgomery in 1921.
In Europe the disease is spread mainly by Wild Boar (89,9%) that by Domestic pigs (10,7%) and spreading since 2007 to present.
They high populations of WB in the natural areas (68,1%), Agroforest area (30,6%) and agro-urbans areas (1,3%) in Europe together with the lack of WB predators is made the disease spread very fast to many countries.
The EU VACDIVA project is working to obtained an oral DIVA vaccine for ASF in WB with different mutants obtained from the Lv17/WB/Rie1, one natural attenuate ASF isolate in Latvia.
One update of the results obtained until now in different in vivo experimental studies in WB after the vaccinations, and the evaluation of protection against Armenia 07, with results from 97 to 100% protection as well as the ELISA test designed to accompany the vaccine will be also presented.
A large in vivo study is also prepare to evaluate the vaccine in natural condition in a large numbers of WB next winter.